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Chapter I : Basis of Semiconductors : n-type Semiconductor

What is an n-type Semiconductor?

An n-type semiconductor is an intrinsic semiconductor doped with phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), or antimony (Sb) as an impurity. Silicon of Group IV has four valence electrons and phosphorus of Group V has five valence electrons. If a small amount of phosphorus is added to a pure silicon crystal, one of the valence electrons of phosphorus becomes free to move around (free electron*) as a surplus electron. When this free electron is attracted to the “+” electrode and moves, current flows.

n-type Semiconductor

* This free electron is the carrier of an n-type semiconductor.

Chapter I : Basis of Semiconductors

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