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Contributes to high efficiency and low loss of high output power supply

Significantly reduced recovery loss compared to FRD: fast recovery diodes
Large capacity power supply PFC’s power saving and higher efficiency design

SiC (silicon carbide) is a compound semiconductor material composed of silicon (Si) and carbon (C). Compared to Si, this material has a wider bandgap and therefore has a higher dielectric breakdown field strength and better thermal conduction. The Schottky Barrier Diode (SBD) made of SiC features high reverse voltage. Our products employ an improved JBS (Junction Barrier controlled Schottky) structure to achieve low leakage current (reverse current) and high surge current (non-repetitive peak forward surge current) required for switching power supply applications in addition to the high-speed reverse recovery characteristics, which are features of SBD.
Our latest second-generation products have reduced (VF・Qcj※1) ※2 by about 67% compared to the first-generation products, which is a critical figure of merit for switching applications such as power supplies.
In order to cope with the increasing power capabilty of equipment, we have added two products with a forward DC current of 12A, "TRS12A65F" with an isolation-type package TO-220F-2L, and "TRS12E65F" with a non-isolation-type package TO-220-2L to our lineup. These products achieve a high non-repetitive peak forward current of 97 A (max) (for TRS12E65F) and a low forward voltage of 1.45 V (typ.), contributing to power savings and higher efficiency in equipment.

※ 1 Qcj: Total capacitive charge of the junction capacitance with a reverse voltage of 0.1 V to 400 V

※ 2: An index for comparing the suitability for switching applications by calculating the product of the forward voltage and charge quantity characteristics in a trade-off relationship. The smaller this value, the better the performance.

Features

  • Large non-repetitive peak forward surge current: IFSM = 97 A (TRS12E65F)
  • Low reverse current: IR = 0.3 to 0.6 μA (typ.)
  • Line-up of three types of packages: isolation type TO-220F-2L, non-isolation type TO-220-2L, non-isolation type TO-247
  • Useful application notes, reference designs, and other documents on the web.

Improved JBS Structure Achieving Low Leakage Current and High Surge Current Capability

Figure 1 Maximum Electric Field Image of Conventional Structure SBD and JBS Structure SBD
Figure 1 Maximum Electric Field Image of Conventional Structure SBD and JBS Structure SBD

SBDs generally have the advantages of very sort reverse recovery time and low forward voltage, but they also have the disadvantages of high leakage current (reverse current) and low surge current capability (non-repetitive peak forward surge current). We have improved this disadvantage by adopting an improved JBS structure.
SBDs combine semiconductors and metals to realize diodes because of their work function differences. At this junction surface, the molecular structure may be discontinuous, surface irregularities, crystal defects, etc. When a high electric field is applied across  a semiconductor-metal interface with many such defects, a current called leakage current flows.
 In SBDs with conventional structure, the depletion region extends into the semiconductor side as shown in Figure 1, causing the electric field produced by electric charge (or electron) to be the strongest at the semiconductor-metal interface.
In contrast, in a JBS diode, the depletion region extends between  p and n- regions that are partially buried below the semiconductor surface. When the reverse bias voltage increases, p-type depletion regions punch through each other and the position of the maximum electric field moves directly under the p region. This reduces the electric field on the surface that has a high probability of defects, thereby reducing leakage current.

Figure 2 Current Image of a Conventional SBD
Figure 2 Current Image of a Conventional SBD

When a conventional SBD is forward-biased, current flows through the following path as shown in Figure 2:
 metal -> Schottky barrier -> n- layer -> n+ layer. At this time, the n- layer has relatively large resistive components because of  low dopant concentration. Therefore, the effect of heat generation due to the resistance component is large and  the capability to allow large current in the forward direction, such as surge current, is limited.

 

In order to realize high surge current capability, we have developed improved JBS-structure products incorporating the concepts of MPS (Merged PiN Schottky) structure.
The MPS structure has p+ regions buried in the  n- region of an SBD. (In our design, part of the p-layer of the JBS structure is enlarged and the impurity concentration of this part is increased.)  The p+ regions and the n- region of original SBD form a pn junction diode, which turns on when large current (high surge current) is needed. This increases the current-carrying capability of the SBD and reduces a rise in forward voltage even at high current then high surge current capability is acheived. 

For details on the improved JBS structure, please refer to the following.

SiC Shotkey Barrier Diode
Application Notes

Product Specifications

Part number

TRS12A65F
Stock Checking

TRS12E65F
Stock Checking

TRS24N65FB
Stock Checking

TRS20N65FB
Stock Checking

TRS16N65FB
Stock Checking

TRS12N65FB
Stock Checking

Data sheet PDF PDF PDF PDF PDF PDF

Package
(Width×Length×Height mm)

TO-220F-2L
(isolation
type)

(10.0×15.0
×4.5)TO-220F-2L(isolation type)

TO-220-2L
(non-isolation
type)

(10.05×15.3
×4.45)

TO-220-2L(non-isolation type)

TO-247
(non-isolation type)

(15.94×20.95×5.02)

TO-247(non-isolation type)

Absolute maximum ratings

Repetitive peak reverse Voltage

  VRRM  (V)

650

Forward DC current

  IF(DC)  (A)

12

24

20

16

12

Non-repetitive peak forward surge current

  IFSM  (A) @t=10 ms

92

97

92

79

65

52

Junction temperature  Tj  (°C)

175

Electrical characteristics

Reverse current  IR typ.  (μA)

 @VR=650 V

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

Forward voltage

  VF typ.  (V)

1.45

@IF=12 A

1.45

@IF=12 A

1.45

@IF=10 A

1.45

@IF=8 A

1.45

@IF=6 A

Total capacitive charge  Qcj typ.  (nC)

@VR=0.1~400 V

30

30

24

19.4

15

Thermal  characteristics

Thermal resistance (junction/case)

 Rth(j-C) max  (°C/W)

3.65

1.3

1.3

1.4

1.8

2.2

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