Getting into the latest vehicles, especially premium offerings, it is striking to see the number of displays being used. Not only has the center console made way to a large display for general interface needs and infotainment, the dials of the dashboard and even wing mirror functionality are moving to color displays too. Features such as reverse parking, camera-based wing mirrors, and 360° surround vehicle view depend on camera feeds that can handle the wide dynamic range of both daytime and nighttime driving conditions.
With the move to autonomous driving on the horizon, video entertainment is also likely to be an area of focus for consumers looking to fill their long journeys by catching up on the latest TV series. Rear-seat entertainment requires displays that are crisp and sharp. Furthermore, passengers may want to play back videos from their smartphone using the HDMI Alt Mode support of USB Type-C.
Over the lifetime of a vehicle model it is also possible that some of the components used may change. Cameras or displays may go into allocation, or dual-sourcing may require that components of differing functionality may need to be supported by a single electronic control unit (ECU). This may require parallel to CSI-2 conversion, HDMI to CSI-2, CSI-2 to parallel, or even DSI to LVDS. In such cases, configurable video bridges can go a long way to providing flexible support in such situations.
The parallel output of cameras cannot always be accommodated by the system-on-chip (SoC) devices used in ECUs. In such cases, a video bridge such as the TC9591XBG provides the necessary conversion required to the commonly found MIPI Alliance CSI-2 interface. Supporting a 1080P resolution at 60fps, the power consumption lies under 80mW. Additionally, the video bridge can be configured using the I2C interface, most likely already in use as part of the video configuration interface for the camera, or SPI.
With the introduction of the USB Type-C there is provision to also use the interface for the output of HDMI video. This uses the HDMI Alt Mode on devices supporting the standard. With this, the HDMI source of a smartphone may also need conversion to CSI-2 to allow playback of video in the vehicle. Here the TC9590XBG is ideally suited, supporting 1080P resolution at 60fps and handling High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) and Display Data Channel functionality.
To find out more about the solutions available for creating impressive in-vehicle infotainment experiences, take a look at our white paper available here: